commercial coal mining in india has a long history.for about a century indian coal growth remained slow from lack of demand, but a spur was the introduction of steam locomotives in the year 1853. within a short period of time the production increased at an annual average of 1 million tonne (mt) and india could 6.12 m to produce. per year to 1900 and 18 meters per year until 1920. the production received a sudden increase from the first world war but went through a decline in the early 1930s. mts production reached a level of 29. from 1942 and 30 mts. in 1946.
taken with the advent of independence, the country on the 5 year plans to develop in attack. at the beginning of 1. plan, annual production was mts to 33. during the 1st plan itself, to feel the need to increase coal production efficiently through a systematic and scientific development of the coal industry. the establishment of national coal development corporation (ncdc), a company of the indian government in 1956 with the areas of the passes as core was the first major step to the planned development of indian coal industry. india had two government coal company in the 1950s, along with the mines of singareni company limited (sccl), which already was in operation since 1945 and a government, the company under the control of government of the andhra pradesh in 1956. sccl is now a joint effort between government of andhra pradesh and the indian government in its shares compared 51: 49.so coal mining in india has been developing very well.